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The Chronology of the EU Constitution

2008

12-Jun-08

Ireland rejects the Lisbon Treaty, by referendum. Ireland was the only country whose citizens had the right to vote on the treaty.

11-Jun-08

Greece ratifies the Lisbon Treaty.

11-Jun-08

Estonia ratifies the Lisbon Treaty.

11-Jun-08

Finland ratifies the Lisbon Treaty.

29-May-08

Luxembourg ratifies the Lisbon Treaty.

08-May-08

Lithuania ratifies the Lisbon Treaty.

08-May-08

Latvia ratifies the Lisbon Treaty.

23-Apr-08

Portugal ratifies the Lisbon Treaty.

10-Apr-08

Slovakia ratifies the Lisbon Treaty.

09-Apr-08

Austria ratifies the Lisbon Treaty.

21-Mar-08

Bulgaria ratifies the Lisbon Treaty.

08-Feb-08

France ratifies the Lisbon Treaty.

04-Feb-08

Romania ratifies the Lisbon Treaty.

29-Jan-08

Malta ratifies the Lisbon Treaty.

29-Jan-08

Slovenia ratifies the Lisbon Treaty.

2007

17-Dec-07

Hungary becomes the first EU member state to ratify the Lisbon Treaty.

13-Dec-07

Heads of State and governments of EU member states sign the renamed Lisbon Treaty.

23-Jul-07

The EU unveils the draft text of the new Treaty.

25-Jun-07

Speaking at a meeting of the Centre for European Reform in London Italian interior minister Giuliano Amato says that EU leaders "decided that the document should be unreadable. If it is unreadable, it is not constitutional, that was the sort of perception".

23-Jun-07

The European Council agrees on a “Reform Treaty”. This will consist to 95% of the EU Constitution. Words and symbols are changed to accommodate public perception.

25-Mar-07

EP President Hans Gert Pöttering wants to change the name but keep content of the Constitution which should be ratified by June 2009.

25-Mar-07

European Council adopts the Berlin Declaration and a road map leading to the ratification of a Constitution. NGOs publish the Alternative Berlin Declaration

23-Mar-07

A poll conducted by Open Europe finds that 75% of people across the EU “want a referendum on any new treaty which gives more powers to the EU.”

06-Feb-07

Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso warns the Member States against any new referenda.

01-Jan-07

Bulgaria and Romania join the EU and sign up to the EU Constitution.

2006

14-Dec-06

German Chancellor Angela Merkel reinstates that it would be a failure not to come to an agreement before the 2009 EP Elections.

05-Dec-06

Finland: ratification by parliament.

13-Oct-06

Polish President Lech Kaczynski announces that his country would make some important reform proposals on the future of the EU.

16-Jun-06

Dutch Minister for Europe Atzo Nicolai excludes a new referendum on the same Constitutional text or even on a slightly modified text.

15-Jun-06

Austrian Chancellor Wolfgang Schüssel anounces the end of the period of reflection.

09-May-06

Estonia: ratification by parliament.

08-Feb-06

Belgium: Final ratification by all bodies (after a 10 months process).

2005

13-Oct-05

EU Commission launches Plan D (Democracy, Dialogue and Debate) in an attempt to bring the citizens back in.

10-Jul-05

Referendum in Luxembourg: 56.52% in favour, 43.48% against.

06-Jul-05

Malta: ratification by parliament.

30-Jun-05

Cyprus: ratification by parliament.

18-Jun-05

Official announcement of the Period of Reflection on the EU summit by José Manuel Barroso.

02-Jun-05

Latvia: ratification by parliament.

01-Jun-05

Referendum in The Netherlands: the EU Constitution is rejected by 61.54%. The Dutch government respects the results and will not proceed with the ratification process.

29-May-05

Referendum in France: the EU Constitution is rejected by 54.68%. In view of the Principle of Unanimity on EU Treaties, the Treaty cannot thus be implemented across the EU.

27-May-05

Germany: approved by Bundesrat and Bundestag. Ratification not finalized and waits for a decision by the German Constitutional Court.

25-May-05

Austria: ratified by Bundesrat and Nationalrat.

11-May-05

Slovakia: ratification by parliament (still requires the signature of the president).

18-Apr-05

Greece: ratification by parliament.

06-Apr-05

Italy: ratification by senate and parliament.

20-Feb-05

Referendum in Spain: 76.73% vote Yes.

01-Feb-05

Slovenia: ratification by parliament.

2004

20-Dec-04

Hungary: ratification by parliament.

11-Nov-04

Lithuania: ratification by parliament.

29-Oct-04

The Constitutional Treaty is signed by the Heads of State & Government of Member States in Rome. The paper still needs to be ratified by the member states.

18-Jun-04

European Council agrees on EU Constitution.

02-Jun-04

ERC press conference in the European Parliament on the "Parties Confession Campaign". This is the final activity of the ERC.

01-May-04

10 new members states join the EU.

26-Mar-04

EU Summit in Brussels, the heads of states and governments are still debating on the draft EU Constitution. Some disagreements being hard to settle especially regarding the voting procedures.

2003

13-Dec-03

European Council fails to agree on the EU Constitution. ERC activist perform an event in front of the Council building

15-Jul-03

The Convention officially completes the Draft Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe (known as the EU Constitution).

13-Jun-03

ERC-appeal signed by 97 members of the convention and more than 120 NGOs handed over to vice-president Amato. Open air ERC pressconference at Place Luxembourg.

2002

15-Nov-02

Official launch of the European Referendum Campaign (ERC) at a conference in Bratislava.

19-Oct-02

Adoption of the Nice Treaty by Ireland in a second referendum.

28-Feb-02

First meeting of the Convention on the Future of Europe in Brussels. The participants come from national governments, national Parliaments, the European Parliament, and the European Commission, and includes representatives from the candidate countries. The presidium is headed by Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, with former Italian Prime Minister Giuliano Amato and former Belgian Prime Minister Jean-Luc Dehaene.

2001

15-Dec-01

The European Council adopts the Laeken Declaration on the Future of Europe, aimed at bringing citizens closer to the European Institutions, establishing the Convention on the Future of Europe, tasked with answering all the open questions posed in the Laeken Declaration.

07-Jun-01

The Irish people reject the Nice treaty in a first referendum.

26-Feb-01

Adoption of the Nice Treaty by the European Council. The Nice Treaty was said to be a simplification of the previous treaties and a way to make future enlargement easier to deal with.

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